Different Methods of Transportation

Transportation involves moving goods and services to a particular destination, while logistics focuses on preparing the products to be directly sent to the consumer.

There are several different ways that transportation in logistics plays out. Entrepreneurs such as Joseph Sarcona have added to the industry to help consumers and sellers alike. To take the best course of action, it helps to analyze each method of transportation.

Marine Transportation

Most of the world’s trade comes from marine transportation. Ships are very helpful for businesses that want to move heavy loads. Bulk orders pertaining to farming, metals, construction and other industries tend to move more efficiently and cheaply by ship than by plane. Some cargo ships are large enough to transport thousands of tons of product. Fragile materials are usually safer on a slow-moving boat, and fixed scheduling reduces handling, delays and other factors that curtail business.

The primary drawback to look out for with marine transportation is how much time it takes for a product to get across the water. Businesses that need their goods to be shipped right away might want to look at other options.

Air Transportation

While there may be delays from time to time, air transportation is great for businesses that rely on quick deliveries. Due to a plane’s set schedule, overnight deliveries are often an option. Minimal handling and strict checkpoints keep products protected and well-preserved.

The two main issues with air transportation are restrictions and expenses. Products that are too heavy or have a certain quality may not be allowed on some planes for safety reasons. Compared to trucks, planes can be rather costly to use due to maintenance, fuel and so on.

Road Transportation

Businesses that want to quickly get a product to a warehouse, store or house can benefit from road transportation. Dangerous or cumbersome materials that may not be allowed in other vehicles are often allowed with truck freight, and the materials can be tracked easily with modern technology. Maintaining and fueling a truck is not nearly as expensive as managing a ship or plane. Also, many companies may have an easier time accessing a highway system than an airport or loading dock.

Shipment delays are common with truck freight, and a truck moves slower than a plane. Also, delivery times can be compromised by weather and road conditions.

Rail Transportation

Businesses that want to schedule fast terrestrial freight can benefit from rail transportation. Many bulk orders can be carried with ease, as trains tend to have a high weight capacity. Railroads are more predictable than regular roads and trains run on tight schedules, so delays are unlikely.

While rail transport is fast much of the time, it is not as fast as road transportation. Shipment often involves several transfers before a product reaches its destination.


There are many factors a business should consider before sending a product out. How delicate is the product? Is the product hazardous? Does the shipment have to be fast? Is there a budget to follow? After carefully considering these questions, a person might be ready to transport the goods.