A Quick Guide to the Different Types of Industrial Caster Wheels

The invention of the wheel revolutionized humankind. And the invention of the caster revolutionized the wheel.

Casters are a type of wheel built with a mount that is designed to make moving dollies, carts, and heavy equipment easier. Industrial caster wheels are used from everything from small carts to manufacturing assembly lines.

Understanding how a caster works can help you navigate the many options that they come in.

To know which caster is best for your needs, here is a quick guide to the most common types.

Rigid Caster Wheels vs. Swivel Caster Wheels

Rigid casters, also known as stationary or fixed casters, are mounted so that they only roll in a straight line.

This limits the maneuverability of rigid casters. However, rigid casters are usually built stronger than swivel casters and can handle higher weights.

A swivel caster can spin a full 360 degrees, allowing it to turn in all directions. This maneuverability can be a problem as they require all wheels turned in the right direction before moving the cart.

Keeping the cart on a straight path for long distances can also be a challenge with swivel casters.

Track Wheels

Two types of wheels are made for use with a track (such as an assembly line): v-groove and flanged wheels.

V-groove casters have a groove in the center of the wheel and are designed mainly for use on tracks. But they can also roll across smooth surfaces when not mounted on a track.

V-groove wheels are strong and a good choice for heavy loads.

Flange wheels are built similar to a train wheel. They have a raised edge that keeps them on the track.

Flange wheels are designed for use on steel tracks for maximum efficiency.

Materials and Dimensions of Industrial Caster Wheels

Casters come in a variety of sizes as well as materials and choosing the right caster can make a difference in the function and durability of your equipment.

Wheel material can range from soft rubber to cast iron steel. Your needs should dictate what type of material you choose. In general, wheels made from harder materials will be easier to move and be more durable.

On the flip side, wheels made with softer materials tend to have a more comfortable and quieter roll because they have less vibration. They are also easier on floor surfaces.

When considering size, in general, wheels with a larger diameter and width have less resistance, roll quieter, and can usually carrier heavier loads.

However, wheels with a greater diameter can be less stable because of the higher center of gravity.

After deciding on the perfect caster wheel for your needs, you can buy industrial casters at

Use, Ease, and Durability

As you can see, there are plenty of options for industrial caster wheels.

Knowing the basics of caster construction, caster types, and wheel uses can help you find just the industrial caster wheel perfectly suited for your needs.

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